Americans with Disabilities Act
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Overview

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law in 1990. The purpose of the law is to protect people with disabilities from discrimination in employment.

In 2008, Congress passed the ADA Amendment Act (ADAAA) to broaden the definition of "disability" that had been narrowed by Supreme Court decisions.

The term disability means:

  • A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of a person's major life activities such as: breathing, seeing, hearing, walking, sitting, standing, sleeping, caring for yourself, lifting, or learning.
  • Having a record of an impairment
  • Being regarded as having an impairment

 

Impact on Businesses

Title I of the ADA prohibits discrimination in employment. It requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities. Employers are considered "covered entities" under this Act and must comply with Title I.

Title I protects "qualified employees with disabilities." The term qualified means that the persons:

  • Meet the requirements of the position that they are applying for or hold
  • Can perform the major functions of the position, with or without a reasonable accommodation

Learn more about disability discrimination

Reasonable Accommodations

How employers can provide reasonable accommodations

  • Ensure equal opportunity and access in the application process
  • Make existing facilities accessible
  • Restructure jobs
  • Modify work schedules
  • Provide modifying equipment
  • Provide qualified readers or interpreters

An employer cannot ask a potential or current employee if they have a disability. That is illegal. The employer may ask the potential or current employee if they can perform the major functions of the job. This will give the employees a chance to let you know if they need a reasonable accommodation.

Impact on Job Seekers/Unemployed

  • You can request Reasonable Accommodations to use the services at the New York State Career Centers. You can also ask for Reasonable Accommodations from an employer if this will enable you to "perform the major functions of the job".
  • See a Disability Resource Coordinator or a Labor Services Representative if you need to request a Reasonable Accommodation at any of our New York State Career Centers.
  • When you go to a job interview, an employer cannot ask you if you have a disability. You have to let an employer know if you need a Reasonable Accommodation.

Learn more about how this affects your job search.

Related Documents

Contact Info

This information is available in multiple languages.

Reasonable Accommodation in State Programs and Services - Contact Information:

The Department’s Designee for Reasonable Accommodations (DRA) and Americans with Disabilities Act Coordinator (ADA Coordinator) is identified below. This person will be able to provide information and forms for requesting accommodation, as well as grieving refusal of an accommodation.

DRA/ADA Coordinator: Shawna McDaniel, Director of NYS DOL DEOD
DRA/ADA Coordinator Contact Information: Phone (518) 457-1984

Backup DRA/ADA Coordinator: Selica Y. Grant, Special Counsel and Chief Risk Officer - Ethics and Compliance
Backup DRA/ADA Coordinator Contact Information: (518) 457-1984

 

Adaptaciones razonables en los programas y servicios del Estado - Información de contacto:

A continuación se identifica a la persona nombrada por la agencia para las adaptaciones razonables (DRA) y al Coordinador de la Ley sobre Estadounidenses con Discapacidades (Coordinador de ADA). Esta persona podrá proporcionarle información y formularios para solicitar adaptaciones razonables y para presentar una queja por la negación de solicitudes de adaptación.

Nombre de la DRA y del Coordinador de ADA: Shawna McDaniel, Director of NYS DOL DEOD
Información de contacto de la DRA y del Coordinador de ADA: Phone (518) 457-1984

Nombre del sustituto de la DRA y del Coordinador de ADA: Selica Y. Grant, Special Counsel and Chief Risk Officer - Ethics and Compliance
Información de contacto del sustituto de la DRA y del Coordinador de ADA: (518) 457-1984

 

Aranjman Rezonab nan Pwogram ak Sèvis Leta - Enfòmasyon pou Pran Kontak:

Reprezantan Ajans lan pou Aranjman Rezonab [Designee for Reasonable Accommodations (DRA)] ak Kowòdonatè Lwa Anfavè Ameriken Andikape (Disabilities Act Coordinator) (Kowòdonatè ADA) idantifye anba la a. Moun sa a ap kapab ba ou enfòmasyon ak fòm pou mande aranjman rezonab epitou pou fè doleyans pou refi yo ba ou pou demann aranjman.

Non Kowòdonatè DRA/ADA: Shawna McDaniel, Director of NYS DOL DEOD
Enfòmasyon pou Kontakte Kowòdonatè DRA/ADA: Phone (518) 457-1984

Non Kowòdonatè Ranplasan DRA/ADA: Selica Y. Grant, Special Counsel and Chief Risk Officer - Ethics and Compliance
Enfòmasyon pou Kontakte Kowòdonatè Ranplasan DRA/ADA: (518) 457-1984

 

Adattamento ragionevole nell’ambito di programmi e servizi erogati dallo stato. Recapiti:

Di seguito è indicato il nome del responsabile dell'adattamento ragionevole (DRA), nonché del coordinatore dell’ADA per l’agenzia. Tale figura è in grado di fornire informazioni e moduli per richiedere eventuali adattamenti ragionevoli e presentare un reclamo in caso di rifiuto di una richiesta di adattamento ragionevole.

Nome DRA/coordinatore dell’ADA: Shawna McDaniel, Director of NYS DOL DEOD
Recapiti DRA/coordinatore dell’ADA: (518) 457-1984

Nome sostituto DRA/coordinatore dell’ADA: Selica Y. Grant, Special Counsel and Chief Risk Officer - Ethics and Compliance
Recapiti sostituto DRA/coordinatore dell’ADA: Phone (518) 457-1984

 

주 프로그램 및 서비스 시 정당한 편의제공 – 연락처 정보:

해당 기관의 정당한 편의제공을 위한 피지명자(DRA) 및 미국 장애인법 담당자(ADA 담당자)가 아래 명시되어 있습니다. 해당인은 귀하가 정당한 편의제공을 요청하거나 편의제공 요청 거부에 항의할 수 있도록 필요한 정보 및 양식을 제공할 것입니다.

DRA/ADA 담당자 이름: Shawna McDaniel, Director of NYS DOL DEOD
DRA/ADA 담당자 연락처 정보: Phone (518) 457-1984

예비 DRA/ADA 담당자 이름: Selica Y. Grant, Special Counsel and Chief Risk Officer - Ethics and Compliance
예비 DRA/ADA 담당자 연락처 정보: Phone (518) 457-1984

 

Разумное приспособление в государственных программах и службах — контактные данные:

Назначенное агентством лицо для разумного приспособления (DRA) и координатор по выполнению закона «О гражданах США с ограниченными возможностями» (координатор ADA) указаны ниже.  Данное лицо сможет предоставить вам информацию и формы для запроса разумного приспособления, а также для обжалования отказов на запросы о приспособлении.

Фамилия и имя координатора DRA/ADA: Shawna McDaniel, Director of NYS DOL DEOD
Контактные данные координатора DRA/ADA: Phone (518) 457-1984

Фамилия и имя замещающего координатора DRA/ADA: Selica Y. Grant, Special Counsel and Chief Risk Officer - Ethics and Compliance
Контактные данные замещающего координатора DRA/ADA: Phone (518) 457-1984

 

關於州計劃與服務的合理便利設施 - 聯繫資訊:

此機構的合理便利設施指定人 (Designee for Reasonable Accommodations, DRA) 與美國殘障者法案協調員 (Americans with Disabilities Act Coordinator, ADA Coordinator) 指明於下。該人員能夠為您提供關於所要求之合理便利設施的資訊與表格,以及在便利設施請求遭拒時致歉。

DRA/ADA 協調員姓名:Shawna McDaniel, Director of NYS DOL DEOD
DRA/ADA 協調員聯繫資訊:Phone (518) 457-1984

備援 DRA/ADA 協調員姓名:Selica Y. Grant, Special Counsel and Chief Risk Officer - Ethics and Compliance
備援 DRA/ADA 協調員聯繫資訊:Phone (518) 457-1984